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SPM Chemistry P1 2014

LEMBAGA PEPERIKSAAN

KEMENTRIAN PELAJARAN MALAYSIA

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SIJIL PELAJARAN MALAYSIA 2014

CHEMISTRY

Kertas 1

Nov. / Dis.

1¼ jam




JANGAN BUKA KERTAS SOALAN INI SEHINGGA DIBERITAHU


  1. Kertas soalan ini adalah dalam dwibahasa.
  2. Soalan dalam bahasa Inggeris mendahului soalan yang sepadan dalam bahasa Melayu.
  3. Calon dikehendaki membaca maklumat di halaman belakang kertas soalan ini.

1

Which of the following is correct about an electrolyte?

Antara yang berikut, yang manakah betul tentang elektrolit?

2

Sulphuric acid, H2SO4, is produced in industry through Contact Process.

What is the catalyst used in Contact Process?

Asid sulfurik, H2SO4, dihasilkan dalam industri melalui Proses Sentuh.

Apakah mangkin yang digunakan dalam Proses Sentuh?

3

The following equation represents a chemical reaction.

\( Na_2CO_3(aq) + CaCl_2(aq) \longrightarrow CaCO_3(s) + 2NaCl(aq) \)

Persamaan berikut mewakili satu tindak balas kimia.

\( Na_2CO_3(ak) + CaCl_2(ak) \longrightarrow CaCO_3(p) + 2NaCl(ak) \)

Which statement is correct?

Penyataan manakah yang betul?

4

The following information shows the arrangement of some metals in the reactivity series.

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Maklumat berikut menunjukkan susunan beberapa logam dalam siri kereaktifan.

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What are R and L?

Apakah R dan L?

5

Which statement is correct about acid?

Pernyataan manakah yang betul tentang asid?

6

Which of the following is correct about alkanes?

Antara yang berikut, yang manakah betul tentang alkana?

7

The molecular formulae of calcium nitrate and potassium phosphate are Ca(NO3)2 and K3PO4 respectively.

What is the molecular formula of calcium phosphate?

Formula molekul bagi kalsium nitrat dan kalium fosfat adalah Ca(NO3)2 dan K3PO4 masing-masing.

Apakah formula molekul bagi kalsium fosfat?

8

Diagram 1 shows a pressure cooker.

Rajah 1 menunjukkan sebuah periuk tekanan.

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What is substance M?

Apakah bahan M?

9

Which statement explains why alloy is harder than pure metal?

Penyataan manakah yang menerangkan mengapa aloi lebih keras daripada logam tulen?

10

What are the products formed when propane is burnt in excess oxygen?

Apakah bahan yang terhasil apabila propana terbakar dalam oksigen berlebihan?

I. Water

    Air

II. Carbon

    Karbon

III. Carbon dioxide

    Karbon dioksida

IV. Carbon monoxide

    Karbon monoksida

11

Which substance neutralises a solution with the pH value of 4?

Bahan manakah meneutralkan suatu larutan dengan nilai pH 4?

12

Which of the following is a soluble salt?

Antara yang berikut, yang manakah adalah satu garam terlarutkan?

13

Which characteristic is similar for all elements in Group 17 of the Periodic Table?

Ciri manakah yang sama bagi semua unsur Kumpulan 17 dalam Jadual Berkala?

14

Which of the following is an example of endothermic reaction?

Antara yang berikut, yang manakah contoh bagi tindak balas endotermik?

15

What is the food additive used to prevent crackers from turning rancid and changing its taste?

Apakah bahan tambah makanan yang digunakan untuk mencegah keropok daripada menjadi tengik dan berubah rasanya?

16

Cyclohexane, C6H12 is an organic solvent.

Which substance is soluble in cyclohexane?

Sikloheksana, C6H12 merupakan suatu pelarut organik.

Bahan manakah yang larut dalam sikloheksana?

17

What is the meaning of the rate of reaction?

Apakah maksud kadar tindak balas?

18

What is the main source in the production of detergent?

Apakah sumber utama dalam penghasilan detergen?

19

A pupil wants to produce a rubber strip that is harder and resistant to heat.

He dips the rubber strip in a beaker containing methylbenzene and substance Q.

What is substance Q?

Seorang pelajar ingin menghasilkan kepingan getah yang lebih keras dan tahan haba.

Dia mencelupkan kepingan getah itu ke dalam bikar yang mengandungi metilbenzena dan bahan Q.

Apakah bahan Q?

20

Which of the following absorbs heart?

Antara yang berikut, yang manakah menyerap haba?

21

Diagram 2 shows the set-up of apparatus to determine the heat of precipitation of silver chloride.

Rajah 2 menunjukkan susunan radas bagi menentukan haba pemendakan argentum klorida.

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The temperature of the mixure rises by 5 °C.

Which solution can be used to replace sodium chloride solution to get the same rise in temperature?

Suhu campuran meningkat sebanyak 5 °C.

Larutan manakah boleh digunakan bagi menggantikan larutan natrium klorida bagi mendapatkan kenaikan suhu yang sama?

22

The following information is about atom T.

Maklumat berikut adalah mengenai atom T.

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Which diagram shows the structure of atom T?

Rajah yang manakah menunjukkan struktur bagi atom T?

23

Compound X conducts electricity in aqueous solution or molten state. It also has a high melting point and boiling point.

What is X?

Sebatian X mengkonduksi elektrik dalam larutan akueus atau keadaan lebur. Ia juga mempunyai takat lebur dan takat didih yang tinggi.

Apakah X?

24

Diagram 3 shows four chemical cells.

Rajah 3 menunjukkan empat sel kimia.

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What is the arrangement of metals Q, copper, iron and magnesium in descending order of the electrochemical series?

Apakah susunan logam Q, kuprum, ferum dan magnesium mengikut tertib menurun dalam siri elektrokimia?

25

Table 1 shows the pH value when a certain volume of 1.0 mol dm-3 hydrochloric acid is added to 25 cm3 of 1.0 mol dm-3 sodium hydroxide solution.

Jadual 1 menunjukkan nilai pH apabila suatu isi padu tertentu asid hidroklorik 1.0 mol dm-3 ditambah kepada 25 cm3 larutan natrium hidroksida 1.0 mol dm-3.

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What is the value of X?

Apakah nilai X?

26

Diagram 4 shows a simple voltaic cell.

Rajah 4 menunjukkan satu sel volta ringkas.

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Why does the needle of the galvanometer deflect?

Mengapakah jarum galvanometer terpesong?

27

Which compound is an unsaturated hydrocarbon?

Sebatian manakah adalah hidrokarbon tak tepu?

28

Which energy profile diagram shows the lowest activation energy?

Rajah profil tenaga manakah yang menunjukkan tenaga pengaktifan paling rendah?

29

Diagram 5 shows the apparatus set-up to study the transfer reaction of electron at a distance.

Rajah 5 menunjukkan susunan radas untuk mengkaji tindak balas pemindahan elektron pada suatu jarak.

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Which of the following occur at X and Y?

Antara yang berikut, yang manakah berlaku di X dan Y?

30

Diagram 6 shows a structure of a polymer.

Rajah 6 menunjukkan struktur bagi suatu polimer.

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Which structural formula is a monomer for this polymer?

Formula struktur manakah merupakan monomer bagi polimer ini?

31

An oxide of element X dissolves in water to form a solution.

Phenolphthalein indicator turns from colourless to pink when it is dropped into the solution.

What is X?

Suatu oksida unsur X larut dalam air untuk menghasilkan suatu larutan.

Penunjuk fenolftalein bertukar daripada tidak berwarna menjadi merah jambu apabila ia dititiskan ke dalam larutan itu.

Apakah X?

32

Diagram 7 shows a graph to study the effect of total surface area on the rate of reaction.

Rajah 7 menunjukkan suatu graf bagi mengkaji kesan jumlah luas permukaan ke atas kadar tindak balas.

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What is represented by gradient tangent X?

Apakah yang diwakili oleh kecerunan tangen X?

33

Diagram 8 shows the method used to store an element.

Rajah 8 menunjukkan kaedah menyimpan satu unsur.

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Which of the following explains why the method is used?

Antara yang berikut, yang manakah menerangkan mengapa kaedah ini digunakan?

34

Diagram 9 shows a flow chart for a reaction of the oxide of an element in Period 3 of the Periodic Table.

Rajah 9 menunjukkan carta alir bagi tindak balas oksida suatu unsur dalam Kala 3 Jadual Berkala.

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What is X?

Apakah X?

35

Table 2 shows the proton number of elements W, X, Y and Z.

Jadual 2 menunjukkan nombor proton bagi unsur-unsur W, X, Y dan Z.

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Which arrangement shows the atomic size of the elements in ascending order?

Susunan manakah menunjukkan saiz atom unsur-unsur dalam tertib menaik?

36

Helium gas is used to fill weather balloons because of its inert property.

Which of the following is the best explanation of the property?

Gas helium digunakan untuk mengisi belon kaji cuaca kerana sifat lengainya.

Antara yang berikut, penerangan manakah yang paling baik mengenai sifat itu?

37

A student found that an iron spoon rusts easily.

What is the suitable method to solve the problem?

Seorang pelajar mendapati sudu besi mudah berkarat.

Apakah kaedah yang sesuai untuk menyelesaikan masalah itu?

38

A student wants to prepare hydrogen gas in the laboratory through the reaction between magnesium ribbon and hydrochloric acid.

Which steps must be taken to shorten the time to collect the gas?

Seorang pelajar ingin menyediakan gas hidrogen di dalam makmal melalui tindak balas antara pita magnesium dan asid hidroklorik.

Langkah-langkah manakah mesti diambil untuk memendekkan masa pengumpulan gas itu?


I. Adding water to hydrochloric acid

    Menambahkan air kepada asid hidroklorik

II. Using a larger conical flask for the solution

    Menggunakan kelalang kon yang lebih besar untuk larutan tersebut

III. Replacing magnesium ribbon with magnesium powder

    Menggantikan pita magnesium dengan serbuk magnesium

IV. Adding a few drops of copper (II) sulphate solution to the mixture of the reactants

    Menambahkan beberapa titis larutan kuprum (II) sulfat kepada campuran bahan tindak balas.

39

Which substance has a different mass from 1 mol of glucose, C6H12O6?

[Relative atomic mass: H = 1, C = 12, O = 16]

Bahan manakah mempunyai jisim yang berbeza daripada1 mol glukosa, C6H12O6?

[Jisim atom relatif: H = 1, C = 12, O = 16]

40

When 50.0 cm3 of 0.5 mol dm-3 silver nitrate solution is added to 50.0 cm3 of 0.5 mol dm-3 sodium chloride solution, temperature of the mixture rises 3.4 °C.

What is the heat released in the experiment?

[Specific heat capacity of solution, c = 4.2 J g-1 °C-1; Density of solution = 1 g cm-3]

Apabila 50.0 cm3 larutan argentum nitrat 0.5 mol dm-3 dicampurkan kepada 50.0 cm3 larutan natrium klorida 0.5 mol dm-3, suhu campuran meningkat sebanyak 3.4 °C.

Berapakah haba yang dibebaskan dalam eksperimen itu?

[Muatan haba tentu larutan, c = 4.2 J g-1 °C-1; Ketumpatan larutan: 1 g cm-3]

41

What is the mass of sodium chloride obtained when 50.0 cm3 of 1.0 mol dm-3 sodium hydroxide reacts with 50.0 cm3 of 1.0 mol dm-3 hydrochloric acid?

[Relative atomic mass: Na = 23, Cl = 35.5]

Berapakah jisim natrium klorida yang diperoleh apabila 50.0 cm3 natrium hidroksida 1.0 mol dm-3 bertindak balas dengan 50.0 cm3 asid hidroklorik 1.0 mol dm-3?

[Jisim atom relatif: Na = 23, Cl = 35.5]

42

Table 3 shows the volume of carbon dioxide gas collected in an experiment.

Jadual 3 menunjukkan isi padu gas karbon dioksida terkumpul dalam satu eksperimen.

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What is the average rate of reaction?

Berapakah kadar tindak balas purata?

43

The reaction between barium chloride solution and lead (II) nitrate solution produces lead (II) chloride and barium nitrate.

Which ionic equation represents the reaction?

Tindak balas antara larutan barium klorida dan larutan plumbum (II) nitrat menghasilkan plumbum (II) klorida dan barium nitrat.

Persamaan ion yang manakah mewakili tindak balas itu?

44

What is the mass of oxygen in 88 g of carbon dioxide?

[Relative atomic mass: C = 12, O = 16]

Berapakah jisim oksigen dalam 88 g karbon dioksida?

[Jisim atom relatif: C = 12, O = 16]

45

Alcohol undergoes dehydration reaction to from alkenes and water.

Which alkene is formed when butan-1-ol undergoes dehydration reaction?

Alkohol mengalami tindak balas pendehidratan untuk membentuk alkena dan air.

Alkena manakah yang terbentuk apabila butan-1-ol mengalami tindak balas pendehidratan?

46

Table 4 shows the observations when a series of tests are conducted to verify the anion and cation in a compound X.

Jadual 4 menunjukkan pemerhatian apabila satu siri ujian dijalankan bagi mengesahkan anion dan kation dalam sebatian X.

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What are the anion and cation present in compound X?

Apakah anion dan kation yang hadir dalam sebatian X?

47

Which solution contains the greatest number of hydrogen ions?

Larutan manakah mengandungi paling banyak ion hidrogen?

48

The following equation represents the reaction between sodium and oxygen.

Persamaan berikut mewakili tindak balas antara natrium dan oksigen.

\( 4Na + O_2 \longrightarrow 2Na_2O \)


What is the maximum mass of sodium oxide formed when 11.5 g of sodium is heated completely in oxygen?

[Relative atomic mass: Na = 23, O = 16]

Berapakah jisim maksimum natrium oksida yang terbentuk apabila 11.5 g natrium dipanaskan dengan lengkap dalam oksigen?

[Jisim atom relatif: Na = 23, O = 16]

49

The following equation represents the oxidation reaction between ethanol and acidified potassium dichromate (VI).

Persamaan berikut mewakili tindak balas pengoksidaan antara etanol dan kalium dikromat (VI) berasid.

\( 3C_2H_5OH + 2K_2Cr_2O_7 + 8H_2SO_4 \longrightarrow 3CH_3COOH + 2Cr_2(SO_4)_3 + 2K_2SO_4 + 11H_2O \)


What is the change in the oxidation number of chromium?

Apakah perubahan nombor pengoksidaan bagi kromium?

50

Diagram 10 shows a simple voltaic cell.

Rajah 10 menunjukkan satu sel volta ringkas.

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Which half equation represents the reaction at the positive terminal of the voltaic cell?

Setengah persamaan manakah mewakili tindak balas di terminal positif sel volta?

END OF QUESTION PAPER | KERTAS SOALAN TAMAT

INFORMATION FOR CANDIDATES

MAKLUMAT UNTUK CALON


  1. This question paper consists of 50 questions. Kertas soalan ini mengandungi 50 soalan.
  2. Answer all questions. Jawab semua soalan.
  3. Each question is followed by four alternative answers, A, B, C or D. For each question, choose one answer only. Blacken your answer on the objective answer sheet provided. Tiap-tiap soalan diikuti oleh empat pilihan jawapan, iaitu A, B, C dan D. Bagi setiap soalan, pilih satu jawapan sahaja. Hitamkan jawapan anda pada kertas jawapan objektif yang disediakan.
  4. If you wish to change your answer, erase the blackend mark that you have made. Then blacken the new answer. Jika anda hendak menukar jawapan, padamkan tanta yang telah dibuat. Kemudian hitamkan jawapan yang baharu.
  5. The diagrams in the questions provided are not drawn to scale unless stated. Rajah yang mengiringi soalan tidak dilukis mengikut skala kecuali dinyatakan.
  6. You may use a scientific calculator. Anda dibenarkan menggunakan kalkulator saintifik.

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