You need to login before answering these questions


O Level Biology June 2014 5090/11

Cambridge International Examinations

Cambridge Ordinary Level

0909b85757fa710e8f270d52a882ed77.png


BIOLOGY

Paper 1 Multiple Choice

5090/11

May/June 2014

1 hour



READ THESE INSTRUCTIONS FIRST


Write in soft pencil.

Do not use staples, paper clips, glue or correction fluid.

Write your name, Centre number and candidate number on the Answer Sheet in the spaces provided  unless this has been done for you.

DO NOT WRITE IN ANY BARCODES.


There are forty questions on this paper. Answer all questions. For each question there are four possible  answers A, B, C and D.

Choose the one you consider correct and record your choice in soft pencil on the separate Answer Sheet.


Read the instructions on the Answer Sheet very carefully.


Each correct answer will score one mark. A mark will not be deducted for a wrong answer.

Any rough working should be done in this booklet.

Electronic calculators may be used.


1

Which of the following have both cytoplasm and cell walls?

2

Plant cells are placed in a solution with a lower water potential than that of the cells.

Which row is correct?

3

Which diagram illustrates the process of active transport?

4

A bacterium lives in hot springs at temperatures of 75°C to 85°C.

Which graph represents the activity of enzymes found in these bacteria?

5

The diagram shows the structure of a leaf of a dicotyledonous plant.

9d11981d27b7e78162fc7b912a639157.png

What are the functions of the parts labelled on the diagram?

6

The diagram refers to some substances found in plant cells.

Which area of the diagram represents the end products of photosynthesis?

61d16777c54f7a585f1aa4c9c66108de.png

7

The diagrams show an experiment to find the rate of photosynthesis in an aquatic plant in  different conditions.

Which plant produces the most bubbles per minute?

8

Which symptom of malnutrition can be treated by an increased amount of protein in the diet?

9

The table shows the rates of absorption of two different sugars, arabinose and glucose, in living  and dead intestines. The concentrations of the sugars inside the intestines were the same in each case.

c3f33050c961b78d34a689aed4340a24.png

What are the main methods of absorption of arabinose and glucose in living intestine?

10

The table describes some characteristics of four people.

Which person requires the highest energy intake in their diet?

11

The diagram shows a section through the stem of a dicotyledonous plant.

Which tissue transports sugars through the stem?

a69c2ff72c2597faa4b2be728d9d16ed.png

12

Which effects will an increase in temperature and an increase in humidity have on the  transpiration rate of a plant?

13

Which sequence shows the shortest route taken by blood travelling from a leg to an arm in the  human body?

14

The diagram shows a section through part of a vein.

8ca082abddd566eb4d8f60bbc6b0fb4b.png

What could be the first organs found in the directions 1 and 2?

15

The graph shows the pressure changes in the left atrium and the left ventricle while the heart is  beating.

When does the atrio-ventricular (bicuspid) valve close?

1607d98c00a7c3a2c63290955ceb28ea.png

16

Anaerobic respiration in yeast can be summarised as follows.

glucose → ethanol + carbon dioxide

How many molecules of carbon dioxide will be produced from the breakdown of two molecules of  glucose?

17

The diagram shows an alveolus and an associated blood capillary.

At which point will the greatest rate of diffusion of carbon dioxide occur?

4d85bcfb3308fc64e0f388afc1c70aae.png

18

What happens to the volume of the thorax and the air pressure in the lungs during breathing out?

19

Which process occurs in a kidney dialysis machine?

20

What happens when the body temperature rises above normal?

21

A man stands 10 metres away from a sign and can see it clearly. He walks towards the sign and  stops 0.5 metres from it.

Which changes occur in his eyes so that the sign is still in focus?

22

The diagram shows a section through the brain.

559d22154163be3d0939d8cdea4b5316.png

What are some functions of the parts labelled 1, 2 and 3?

23

How does adrenaline affect glucose uptake by muscle cells and carbohydrate conversion by liver  cells?

24

The diagrams show the bones of the forelimb in a bat and in a human.

Which structure in the forelimb of the bat can be identified as the humerus?

fc15cbac1c69b3122c8f20f4a7920a1c.png


25

The bar chart shows the percentage of women who had babies of low weight, amongst smokers  and non-smokers.

76f05c15b814791f76defc63a76dbd46.png

What is shown by the bar chart?

26

Which substances are produced using bacteria?

27

Using the key, which organism is a virus?


1has a cell wall ...................................................................go to 2

does not have a cell wall ..................................................

go to 3


2cell wall is made of chitin ..................................................organism A

cell wall is made of cellulose ............................................

organism B


3has a cell membrane ........................................................organism C

has a protein coat ............................................................organism D
28

Which statement correctly describes relationships in ecosystems?

29

The diagram shows a food chain.

grass → rabbit → fox → flea

Which pyramid of numbers matches this food chain?

30

In which natural cycles are protein molecules involved?

31

Why is the organism that causes malaria called both a parasite and a pathogen?

32

The list shows some changes that may occur in a lake that is polluted with nitrogen-containing  fertiliser. 

    1    Concentration of oxygen decreases.

    2    Decomposers feed on plants.

    3    Green microorganisms grow and cover the surface.

    4    Plants die.

In which order do these changes occur?

33

What are two female parts of a flower?

34

Cell X contains 24 chromosomes. It divides by mitosis to produce cells Y and Z.

6fd402f0f6d1ea6c730d4136a23425f2.png

How many chromosomes does cell Z contain?

35

The graph shows the concentration of a hormone in the blood during one menstrual cycle.

68d6eb6040a665225e5eb68c1a2b3815.png

Which hormone concentration was measured?

36

Which substances are present in breast milk but not in bottled milk made from milk powder?

37

Which outcomes might farmers want to achieve by using artificial selection?

38

The diagram shows the blood group phenotypes of some members of a family.

Which member of the F1 generation must be heterozygous, with the codominant alleles?

ed7a063e2292a4ee7f685ab0f0ba7884.png

39

Which statement about chromosomes is correct?

40

Which statement is always true of dominant alleles?

___

Permission to reproduce items where third-party owned material protected by copyright is included has been sought and cleared where possible. Every  reasonable effort has been made by the publisher (UCLES) to trace copyright holders, but if any items requiring clearance have unwittingly been included, the publisher will be pleased to make amends at the earliest possible opportunity.

Cambridge International Examinations is part of the Cambridge Assessment Group. Cambridge Assessment is the brand name of University of Cambridge Local  Examinations Syndicate (UCLES), which is itself a department of the University of Cambridge. 

© UCLES 2014

5090/11/M/J/14


Suggest answer